Những bức ảnh gây bàng hoàng về cuộc chiến tranh Việt Nam do Kyoichi Sawada – phóng viên chiến trường nổi tiếng của hãng thông tấn UPI (United Press International) – thực hiện.

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Một bà mẹ Việt Nam cùng 4 đứa con lội qua một dòng sông ở Bình Định để chạy trốn khỏi những cuộc không kích từ máy bay Mỹ năm 1965. Bức ảnh này của Kyoichi Sawada đã giành giải thưởng Pulitzer năm 1966.

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Title [A soldier waits to be evacuated] Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher Chicago : United Press International, 1965
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 23 x 18 cm
Summary “Plei Me, S. Vietnam: His head bandaged, an exhausted U.S. 1st Cavalr[y] trooper waits calmly and patiently for a medical evacuation helicopter here recently. He is o[ne] of the U.S. troopers ambushed and savagely mauled by North Vietnamese forces in the jungles o[f] the Chu Pong Mountain range 11/17. The helicopters were unable to reach the scene for some te[n] hours or more because of heavy fighting in the area.”
Notes Title provided by cataloger.; United Press International stamp on verso.; News agency summary on recto.; “NXP/RSG 1495582.”; “UPI Radiophoto by Kyoichi Sawada 11/18/65.”; News agency copy attached to the photograph is torn along one edge and cuts off some of the words in the caption. Ellipses are used where words are completely cut off and brackets are used where words that are partially cut off can be inferred from the surrounding text.Chân dung một lính Mỹ bị thương chờ được di tản trong trận Pleime ở Tây Nguyên năm 1965. Đây là một trong những trận đánh lớn đầu tiên của quân Mỹ trong chiến tranh Việt Nam.

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Vietnamese Soldier Runs For Cover
23 Oct 1965, Plei Me, South Vietnam — 10/23/1965-Plei Me, South Vietnam- A Vietnamese soldier dashes for cover while his comrades keep down in their positions on the outer defense perimeter of the Special Forces camp. The camp has been under heavy Viet Cong attack since early in the week. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
Kyoichi Sawada

Một người lính Sài Gòn chạy khỏi vị trí để tìm nơi ẩn nấp trong trận Pleime.

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itle Build-up at Chu Lai
Creator Sawada, K.
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1965
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 21 x 26 cm
Summary “Chu Lai, South Vietnam: Clothed only in towels and bathing trunks, but still carrying their rifles, these Marines marched to a beach near the Chu Lai airbase (8/18) for a refreshing bath and swim. With Viet Cong attacks continuing unabated, the order to United States Forces is: “Be ready at all times, even when swimming.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1483858…UNIPIX.”; “Credit (UPI Photo by Staff Photographer K. Sawada) 8/24/65.”

Lính Mỹ rèn thể lực tại căn cứ Chu Lai, Quảng Nam năm 1965.

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04 Feb 1966, Near Bong Son, South Vietnam — Anguish crosses the face of this busy doctor shouting for a stretcher team as he treats a wounded soldier of the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division near Bong Son. The trooper was hit by enemy fire during “Operation Masher,” 300 miles northeast of Saigon. The sweep by American forces killed a reported 325 Viet Cong and North Vietnamese regulars. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
Kyoichi Sawada
by 04 Feb 1966, Near Bong Son, South Vietnam — Anguish crosses the face of this busy doctor shouting for a stretcher team as he treats a wounded soldier of the U.S. 1st Cavalry Division near Bong Son. The trooper was hit by enemy fire during “Operation Masher,” 300 miles northeast of Saigon. The sweep by American forces killed a reported 325 Viet Cong and North Vietnamese regulars. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

Lính cứu thương Mỹ chăm sóc cho đồng đội sau một chiến dịch gần Bồng Sơn, Bình Định năm 1966.

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Kyoichi_Sawada2 Sawada died together with Frank Frosch, UPI bureau chief, in 1970 while on their way to the Kirrirom Pass in Cambodia.

Một lính Mỹ bị thương nằm trên cánh đồng sau khi đơn vị của người này bị phục kích bằng súng cối, 1966.

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Title [Soldiers on a break] Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1966
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 23 x 18 cm
Summary “Near the Cambodian Border, S. Vietnam: GI’s take time off from their duties to wash up in a cool stream near the 4th Division’s base camp on the Cambodian border 12/16.”
Notes Title provided by cataloger.; News agency summary on recto.; “NXP/SGP 1540419.”; “UPI telephoto by Kyoichi Sawada 12/25/66.”Phút nghỉ ngơi bên dòng suối của lính Mỹ, 1966.

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Title Well equipped
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1966
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 23 x 18 cm
Summary “Saigon: On patrol with the 1st Cavalry, this well equipped G. I. carries a hand grenade, smoke bomb and radio on his chest and shoulders. And, on his helmet, he wears rosary beads with the crucifix prominently displayed.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1537821…New York Bureau.”; “Credit (UPI photo by staff photographer Kyoichi Sawada) 11/29/66.”

Lính thông tin Mỹ, 1966.

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Trực thăng Mỹ tác chiến trên một ngọn đồi ở Đăk Tô, Tây Nguyên năm 1967.

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1967, Dak To, South Vietnam, American soldiers looking tired and exhausted during the costly fighting for Hill 875

Những người lính Mỹ bị thương chờ được di tản ở Đăk Tô.

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16 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — US Marines by Outer Wall of Citadel — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
Kyoichi Sawada

Lính Mỹ trên chiến trường Đăk Tô 1967.

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Một lính Mỹ hô hấp nhân tạo cho đồng đội, 1967.

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02 Apr 1967, Vietnam — American soldier turns to give instructions as firing continues in front of him during Operation Byrd in the Vietnam War. — Image by © Kyoichi Sawada/Bettmann/Corbis

Lính Mỹ trong chiến dịch Byrd ở Bình Thuận năm 1967.

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03 Feb 1968, Hue — Terrified Vietnamese Civilians in City of Hue 1968 — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
Kyoichi Sawada

Nỗi sợ hãi của người dân trong chiến sự Tết Mậu Thân 1968 ở Huế.

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Lính Mỹ trên đường phố đổ nát ở Huế, 1968.

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11 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — With a wounded baby in her arms, an elderly Vietnamese woman makes a plea for help as she arrives at a U.S. Marine aid station. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

Một phụ nữ Việt hoảng loạn bế trên tay đứa trẻ bị thương, Huế 1968.

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Photo shows a US Marine reading Match magazine as another soldier looks over his shoulder. They are standing under a shelter in the jungle.
February 23, 1968

Hai người lính Mỹ đọc tạp chí trên chiến trường Huế, 1968.

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Lính Mỹ bị thương nằm la liệt trên mặt đất trong một chiến dịch ở Huế 1968.

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04 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — 2/4/1968-Hue, South Viet Nam: U.S. Marines keeping lowbecause of intense sniper fire battle communist units which seized two thirds of the ancient imperial Capital. The Marines were pinned don behind this wall near the old citadel and radiod for support. U.S. spokesmen reported that leathernecks hauled down the North Vietnamese flag after seven days of fighting and recaptured the city. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS

Lính Mỹ bao vây một khu vực nằm dưới sự kiểm soát của quân Giải phóng ở nội thành Huế năm 1968.

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Thủy quân lục chiến Mỹ ẩn nấp sau xe tăng trong chiến sự Tết Mậu Thân ở Huế năm 1968.

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Lính Mỹ di chuyển giữa những đống đổ nát trong cuộc chiến ở Huế 1968.

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Một lính Mỹ nấp sau bức tường đổ nát ở Huế.

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26 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — U.S. Marines positioned on brick and stone rubble watch a bomb burst over the hill from a Viet Cong attack. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
Kyoichi Sawada

Lính Mỹ bị thương nằm la liệt giữa khung cảnh nhà cửa đổ nát, khói lửa ngập trời ở Huế.

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16 Feb 1968, Hue, South Vietnam — A U.S Marine keeps his head low as he drags a wounded buddy from the ruins of the Citadel’s outer wall during fighting. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
Kyoichi Sawada

Một thương binh Mỹ được đồng đội kéo ra khỏi trận địa.

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February 1968, Hue, Vietnam — A group of United States Marines run down a street in Hue, Vietnam, during a battle with opposing forces. — Image by © Bettmann/CORBIS
by Matt Green

Lính Mỹ di chuyển dọc theo một con phố ở Huế, 1968.

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Một nhóm lính Mỹ tại vị trí chiến đấu ở nội thành Huế.

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Lính Mỹ tiếp cận một khu vực do quân đội Giải phóng kiểm soát ở ngoại thành Huế.

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A company of South Vietnamese troops arrive at Khe Sanh in South Vietnam, to aid US Marine strength during the Vietnam War, 5th April 1968. They pass the debris of helicopters and planes lost earlier in the Khe Sanh siege.
April 05, 1968

Lính Sài Gòn tham gia cuộc hành quân Pegasus mở lại đường 9 đến căn cứ Khe Sanh, Quảng Trị năm 1968.

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Title Line of defense
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 18 x 23 cm
Summary “Khe Sanh, South Vietnam: U.S. Marines man the fortified perimeter of Khe Sanh Jan.22nd awaiting the anticipated Communist offensive in the northern area of South Vietnam. Some 5,000 Marines are manning the Khe Sanh redoubt and Allied reinforcements have been moved into the area in preparation for what may develop into a pivotal battle of the war. Military observers believe some 30,000 to 40,000 North Vietnamese infantrymen are poised in the area below the Demilitarized Zone.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1581516…New York Bureau.”; “Credit (UPI photo by Kyoichi Sawada) 1/30/68.”

Lính Mỹ trong chiến Hào ở Khe Sanh.

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Lính Sài Gòn trên đường Phú Thọ trong chiến sự Mậu Thân ở Sài Gòn năm 1968.

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Một lính Sài Gòn đưa đồng đội bị thương đến trạm cứu thương, Sài Gòn 1968.

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Title Gypsy-like refugees : (First of seven)
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 18 x 23 cm
Summary “These trucks are generally used to bring food from the Mekong Delta. Currently they are employed as shelters for refugees from the Cholon area of Saigon who pack the vehicles. Some of the refugees stay under the trucks to escape from the heat and rain.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1592380.”; “Credit (UPI Photo) 5/25/68.”; Included with photographs is a copy of a UPI news story associated with photo.

Hàng chục thùng xe tải là nơi cư trú của những người tản cư ở Sài Gòn năm 1968. Khu vực này ngày nay là bến xe Chợ Lớn.

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Cận cảnh cuộc sống của người tản cư ở Sài Gòn.

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Title Gypsy-like refugees : (Third of seven)
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 19 x 26 cm
Summary “Refugees sleep on the floor in a typically oriental-looking Buddhist temple in the Cholon section of Saigon.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1592382.”; “Credit (UPI Photo) 5/25/68.”

Những người tản cư tạm trú trong chùa Hòa đồng Tôn giáo ở Chợ Lớn, Sài Gòn 1968.

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Title Gypsy-like refugees : (Sixth of seven)
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 26 x 21 cm
Summary “This is a typical crowded refugee scene on the grounds of a Buddhist temple in Cholon. living like gypsies, the refugees make do in very temporary surroundings.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1592385.”; “Credit (UPI Photo) 5/25/68.”

Một lều tạm được dựng ở chùa Hòa đồng Tôn giáo.

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Title Gypsy-like refugees : (Fourth of seven)
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 26 x 21 cm
Summary “When it’s laundry day, the refugees wash and dry their clothes wherever they can. Here, some youngsters help in the makeshift proceedings.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1592383.”; “Credit (UPI Photo) 5/25/68.”

Hồ nước tiểu cảnh trong chùa được dùng làm nơi giặt giũ.

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Title Gypsy-like refugees : (Fifth of seven)
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 21 x 26 cm
Summary “Using their food pails like hats, refugees, mostly women and children, line up to get their food rations.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1592384.”; “Credit (UPI Photo) 5/25/68.”

Phụ nữ, trẻ em tản cư xếp hàng nhận khẩu phần ăn.

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Title Gypsy-like refugees : (Seventh–End of set)
Creator Sawada, Kyoichi
Publisher New York : United Press International, 1968
Physical Description 1 photograph : black and white ; 26 x 21 cm
Summary “A little gal does not appear too happy about her lunch.”
Notes Title and summary from news agency copy attached to verso.; United Press International stamp on verso.; “SGP 1592386.”; “Credit (UPI Photo) 5/25/68.”

Bé gái tản cư và bữa cơm của mình.

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Phóng viên chiến trường người Nhật Bản Kyoichi Sawada (người đeo máy ảnh ở bên trái) tại sân bay Tân Sơn Nhất năm 1966.

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